Dental extraction is a type of surgery in dentistry. The main goal of dental treatment is the maintenance of the teeth health. But, unfortunately, sometimes a bad tooth cannot be restored, and then it has to be removed in order to prevent subsequent complications and return the patient to a comfortable lifestyle. After the extraction, prosthetics can be performed to restore the aesthetics of a smile and the full function of the chewing and speech apparatus.
Indications for dental extraction
- if the crown of the tooth is badly damaged and cannot be restored;
- in case of pronounced tooth mobility;
- in case of cracks and fracture of the tooth root;
- in case of improper teething of wisdom teeth;
- if the wisdom tooth grows in a wrong direction, destroying the adjacent tooth;
- in case of inflammatory processes in the root of the tooth, which are not amenable to treatment;
- in case of tooth alignment, as recommended by the orthodontist.
Peculiarities of dental extraction
The procedure of dental extraction lasts up to 20 minutes, but in difficult cases, it may take about 40 minutes (when the tooth is horizontal or oblique or hidden under the gum). Due to effective anesthesia, the extraction is performed in a comfortable environment for patients, painlessly and easily. If necessary, this procedure can be carried out during medication sleep (Sedation Dentistry). After the removal of the tooth, the process of healing the alveolar socket begins. If you follow the recommendations of the dentist on oral hygiene during this period, then after 1.5 – 2.5 weeks the healing process will be successfully completed. Modern methods of plasma therapy significantly accelerate this process and are used in the treatment of alveolitis, if the alveolar socket is inflamed.
Stages of dental extraction
- in the process of complex diagnostics, the doctor becomes familiar with the clinical record, checks the presence of allergic reactions, conducts a full examination of the oral cavity and X-ray diagnostics;
- using computer anesthesia STA (Single Tooth Anesthesia System), effective pain relief is carried out;
- the dental extraction itself is carried out sparingly, without damage to the mucous membrane and tissues surrounding the tooth;
- 7-10 days after the extraction, the examination and removal of sutures are performed.